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❶The history of the states of Greece, and of other countries, abounds with such instances, and it is not improbable that what has so often happened would, under similar circumstances, happen again. In the mild season of peace, with minds unoccupied by other subjects, they passed many months in cool, uninterrupted, and daily consultation; and finally, without having been awed by power, or influenced by any passions except love for their country, they presented and recommended to the people the plan produced by their joint and very unanimous councils.

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Beard 's book An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution , published in Adair also contends that Beard's selective focus on the issue of class struggle , and his political progressivism , has colored modern scholarship on the essay.

According to Adair, Beard reads No. Garry Wills is a noted critic of Madison's argument in Federalist No. In his book Explaining America , he adopts the position of Robert Dahl in arguing that Madison's framework does not necessarily enhance the protections of minorities or ensure the common good.

But these weapons for delay are given to the minority irrespective of its factious or nonfactious character; and they can be used against the majority irrespective of its factious or nonfactious character. What Madison prevents is not faction, but action. What he protects is not the common good but delay as such". For instance, United States Supreme Court justice John Paul Stevens cites the paper for the statement, "Parties ranked high on the list of evils that the Constitution was designed to check".

See The Federalist, No. Madison's argument that restraining liberty to limit faction is an unacceptable solution has been used by opponents of campaign finance limits. Justice Clarence Thomas , for example, invoked Federalist No. Rather than adopting the repressive 'cure' for faction that the majority today endorses, the Framers armed individual citizens with a remedy".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Accessed January 22, See also "The Federalist Papers: Volume 1, Chapter 4, Document University of Chicago Press. Retrieved January 22, Referenced November 20, Volume 1, Chapter 17, Document Volume 1, Chapter 7, Document 7. The Grecian republics were of small extent; so also was that of the Romans. Both of these, it is true, in process of time, extended their conquests over large territories of country; and the consequence was, that their governments were changed from that of free governments to those of the most tyrannical that ever existed in the world".

Jones , U. Brown , U. Fame and the Founding Fathers. The Federalist with Letters of "Brutus". The MacMillan Company, Are We to Be a Nation?

Harvard University Press, University Press of Kansas, De Pauw, Linda Grant. New York State and the Federal Constitution. Cornell University Press, The Political Theory of The Federalist. University of Chicago Press, The Authority of Publius: A Reading of the Federalist Papers. Politics, Literature, and the American Language, Yeoman Politician of the New Republic. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, The Summer of The Men Who Invented the Constitution.

The Creation of the American Republic, — The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States. Edited by Jacob E. Wesleyan University Press, Edited by Henry B. Edited by Paul Leicester Ford. The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution. Notes of the Secret Debate of the Federal Convention of Retrieved October 1, Retrieved August 23, The Papers of James Madison. Early life and career Belle Grove Plantation, birthplace Montpelier. House of Representatives election, U.

However, the series of essays provided a thorough and rational justification for the importance of the new U.

What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation that justified a stronger central government as described by the U. The Articles of Confederation did not provide effective means for the central government to carry out its assigned duties and was not officially sanctioned by the people.

The central government, under the Articles, was endowed with many of the same responsibilities as the government under the Constitution, but because it lacked authority to collect taxes and to compel the states, it could not carry out its responsibilities.

For example, in attempting to provide for the common defense, the central government did not have enough means to provide that defense through the power of taxation and the raising of an army. Both were accomplished through quotas and requisitions from the states, which were infrequently met. The central government could not provide uniform trade regulations, enforce foreign treaties, or protect the states from invasion or rebellion because it had no authority to compel the individual states to follow its rulings.

By representatives who carry different points of views or fractions. The three branches of government are the executive, legislative and judiciary. Madison says that the executive branch will be the weakest. Madison suggests that to check the powers of government you must "giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others".

The seperation of powers is assured by adoping federalism, in which each branch wpuld have its own duties under the constitution. Two examples are 1. The President is the commander-in-chief of the army and the navy, but only Congress can declare war. The branch that is an exception is the legislative branch. This is not dangerous because the legislature may be divided into other branches as to put a hobble on its power.

Federalism is a political system in which different governments state, national, etc defer some powers and retain some to themselves alone.

The two great advantages are increased govermnet control of other governmentts legislative, judicial,etc , and that society will be seen as a whole not just the one majority. Madison says that justice is the main goal of government. He wrote them on Article 10 in the th paragraphs. The causes of faction according to Madison, are disagreements in between a group of people.

According to Madison, the rights of people originate in the republican government and in the faculties of men. We can cure the "mischiefs of faction" by giving all the citizens the same opinions in interests or don't give liberty.

These remedies are worse because every individual needs liberty to be able to live with commodities. Madison's solution for controlling the effects of factions are by majority rule.

A republic is a government that is ran by representatives who rule on what people want and think. Democracy is ran by people who rule themselves. A republic inhibits the effects of factions, according to Madison, by people who represent others carrying the same thoughts beliefs and point of view. The three branches of government are the Executive, Legislative, and judicial branches.

Madison thought the Legislative branch was the weakest. Madison suggests that to check the powers of government they should use separation of powers. Separation of powers between the three branches are assured by the system of checks and balances. If a Legislative branch makes a law, but the president doesn't agree, the law will be vetoed. If a Legislative branch and an Executive branch agree on a bill, but the Judicial branch doesn't, the bill gets vetoed as well.

The Legislative branch appears as an exception to the separation of powers norm. This exception is not dangerous because the 3 branches have the same amount of power. Federalism is when two or more governments have the same powers on the same area. Two great advantages of federalism, according to Madison, are: A community can create a will independent of the society. There will be more power in the Branches over the government. The "end" supreme goal of government, according to Madison is justice.

Factions are like political parties with all the people in that group believing in a cause thats why they are together. Madison talks about this after the introduction paragraph. Madison says that the cause of factions is when people dont agree with something and cant agree at all what so ever.

THe primary objective of the government according to Madison is "securepublic good and private rights against the danger of such a faction". Madison said that said that the rights of property originate from the diversity in the faculties of men. Madison says that the most common and durable source of factions per Madison has been the various and unequal distribution of property.

Madisons answer to controlling the factions and the effects of it was to build a republican government. A republic is a political system or form of government in which people elect representatives to exercise power they have, a pure democracy is a form of democracy in which the people exercise direct power instead of electing representatives to govern on their behalf. They are different bacause in a republic some one represents you and in a democracy you have the power. Madison said that the republic inhibits the effects of factions because representatives whose enlightened views and virtuous sentiments render them superior to local prejudices and schemes of injustice.

The three branches of government are the executive, legislature, and judiciary branch. Madison believed that the weakest branch would be the judiciary branch. Madison suggest to check the power of government is to divide the legislatures into different branches. The separation of powers between the three branches is assured through checks and balances. The president can veto congressional legislation.

The court can declare laws unconstitutional. The branch that appears as an exception to the separation of powers norm is the Judiciary branch. This exception is not dangerous because they cannot originate laws only interpret certain court cases. Federalism is a system of government were government is central but is divided through the states.

According to Madison two great advantages of federalism are 1 That the different government will control each other at the same time that each will be controlled by itself. The society will be broken into many parts, interest, and classes of citizens. According to Madison justice is the end of government. He writes about factions in paragraph four in article On the federalists articles. To destroy the liberty and to give citizens the same option are the two ways to cure factions.

Democracy is the people rule. The three branches of government are the Legislative branch,Executive branch, and Judicial branch.

Madison thought that the brach that would be the weakest would be the Judicial branch. Madison suggested the method of checks and balances. The seperation of powers is assured by adoping federalism that says each branch would have its own jobs under the constitution.

One example would be that the Supreme Court can declare presidential acts unconstitutiona, and The president can veto congressional legislation. Legislative, None of the three branches of the federal government is an exception to the separation of powers.

All three branches are the same. The two great advantages of federalism according to Madison are in a single republic all of the power is given directly to one government, which is divided into separate departments. The second one is government must not only guard against oppression of rulers, but to guard against the oppression of the majority.

The end of the sepreme government is to have Justice. According to madison, factions are group of citizens with the same interests and goals. He writes about factions after the introduction. The cause of factions, according to Madison, is due to the disagreement of other's opinions. According to Madison, the primary object of government is to protect public goods from the dangers of factions.

The rights of property originated from the Republican government. The most common and durable source of faction is ones liberty. We can cure the "mischiefs of faction" by getting everyone to agree on the same ideas.

These remedies are worse than the disease because this gets rid of liberty. Madison's solution to control fractions was to establish a republic government.

A pure democracy is where the citizens, themselfs, all agree what's best for their society. A republic is where the people elect someone to represent them. The difference is how many people are making the decisions for the society. A republic inhibits the effects of factions by having multiple representatives with different ideas.

The three branches of government are the executive, legislative, and judicial. Madison thought the executive branch would be the weakest of the three. Madison suggested the method of sepration of powers. The separation of powers is assured between the 3 branches under federalism, and checks and balances. Two examples of checks and balances" are: The supreme court can decide if a presidential action is against the constitution. The executive branch is able to veto bills. The branch that appears as an exception is the legislative branch because it shares power with its own separate branches.

Federalism is where power is shared or divided between the central government and states. Two great advantages of federalism, according to Madison, are preventing one government from getting to powerful and federal laws can be written and enforced within the states.

According to Madison the "end" of government starts with justice. Factions, according to Madison, are people or a group of people who are united and actually believe in the same passion and he writes about them in the 2nd paragraph.

The causes of faction according Madison is basically a disagreement between people depending on the different circumstances of civil society. The primary object of government is to secure public good and private rights against the danger of such faction. The rights of property originate from the diversity in the faculties of men. The most common and durable source of faction is the various and unequal distribution of property. We can cure the "mischiefs of faction by either "destroying the liberty" or by "giving to every citizen the same opinion, the same passions, and the same interests.

A republic is a government in which the scheme of representation takes place, a pure democracy is a "society consisting of a small number of citizens who assemble the government in person", and they are different by the "delegation of the government to a small number of citizens elected by the rest and second the greater number of citizens.

A republic inhibits the effects of factions by making it more difficult for unworthy candidates to practice with success and also by representatives are raised to a certain number and are limited. The three branches of government are legislative,executive, and judicial. Madison thought that the weakest branch was the judicial branch.

The method that Madison suggest to check the powers of government is to have seperation of powers and have a will of its own. The seperation of power between the three branches is assured by checks and balances. The branch that appears to be an excpetion to the seperation of powers is the legislative and its not really dangerous because it doesnt is not really attached strongly to the other departments. Federalism is a type of government in which a written constitution divides power between central and sub-divisonal governments.

One great advantage is that all the power surrendered by the people is submitted to administration of a single government and the other advantage is the majority be united by a common interest. The "end" of government according to Madison is Justice. Factions are a majority or minority of people united together by some common interest who doesn't care for the rights of other people.

He writes about factions after the first paragraph. The causes of factions depends on the "different circumstances of civil society. The primary object of government is that the it should protect the liberties and everything that entails with man being able to form opinions.

The rights of property originated from the "diversity in the faculties of men". The most common and durable source of factions is the unequal distribution of property.

The two methods of "curing the mischiefs of faction" are removing the causes or controlling its effects. The first remedy is worse than the disease because you would have to abolish liberty.

The second remedy is "as impracticable as the first would be unwise. Madison's solution for controlling the effects of factions is by establishing a republican government.

A republic is a government in which there is representation of the people. Pure democracy is when a "small number of citizens assemble and administer the government in person". The differences between a republic and a pure democracy are the representative of the government, and the greater number of the citizens.

In a republic, the representatives are limited to a certain few people to "guard against the cabals of a few". The limited number of representative could guard against the confusion of a multitude. Each representative are chosen by the citizens, so it would be difficult for "unworthy candidates" to become a representative.

According to Madison factions are "number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest" and that is written after the introduction paragraph.

The cause of factions are when a group of citizens disagree. According to Madison the primary object of government is that mistakes we make help keep government together.

Rights of property according to Madison "The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights of property originate". The most common and durable source according to Madison "But the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property.

According to Madison we can cure the "mischief" by "by removing its causes; the other, by controlling its effects. Establishing a republic government was Madison's solution for controlling the effects of factions.

A republic government is when government has representatives and they go by what people think but a pure democracy is when the people rule themselves. According to Madison it's representatives with different points of views. The three branches of the government are the executive, legislative, and judiciary branch. The executive branch of the government would be the weakest.

Madison suggests "giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others" to check the powers of the government. The separation of the three powers is assured through the adoption of a republican government. Examples of checks and balances: The legislative branch is the exception of the separation of powers norm.

The exception isn't dangerous because the power is divided into sub branches. Federalism is when different types of governments like state government and national government share some powers but also retain some of its own. The first great advantage of federalism is that the power that the people gave up is united under a single government which is then divided into three branches. The second advantage is that it guard against the oppression of rulers and one part of society against the injustice of another.

The supreme goal of government is justice. The three branches of government are executive, judicial, and legislative. Madison thought that the weakest branch would be the judicial branch. The separation of powers. Checks and Balances assured the separation of powers. One example is a court can say that a presidential act is unconstitutional and another is the president has the right to veto a law. All branches are equal but the legislative branch appears as an exception.

There is a central government but it is also divided among the states. Two great advantages of federalism according to Madison is the first one "In a single republic, all the power surrendered by the people is submitted to the administration of a single government; and the usurpations are guarded against by a division of the government into distinct and separate departments. The "end" of government is justice. This is seen written after Madison's introduction. The difference between these two is the delegation of the government and the greater number of citizens.

Another example would be that regardless of the fact that the President is commander in chief of the army, only Congress can declare war. This exception is not dangerous because the power in the legislative can be divided into more branches. The other advantage would be that government will not only guard against the oppression of rulers, but the oppression of the majority. According to Madison, the supreme goal of government is justice.

Federalist's Papers 10 1 James Madison says that faction is a group of citizens that agree upon something and share the same beliefs such as not caring for the rights of others. Federalist Papers 51 10 The three branches of Government are the legislative, judicial, and executive branch.

Another would be that the Supreme Court can declare presidential acts unconstitutional. It's not dangerous because the power in the legislative can be divided into more branches.

Another would be that government can not only guard against the oppression of rulers, but guard against the oppression of the majority. To Madison the supreme goal of government is justice. Madison writes about this in article 10 of the Federalists Articles. These are worse than diseases because liberty is necessary for politics, and the second would be difficult to even try to accomplish.

Another example can also be that the Supreme Court can declare presidential acts unconstitutional. This exception is not dangerous because they can only interpret certain court cases but not orginate laws. And the president can veto bills. And double security to the rights of the people,because government will control each other. He mentions them after the introductory paragraph. A pure democracy is a government where citizens themselves run the government.

The exception is not dangerous because the power is divided into more branches. Madison stats that the causes of faction are liberty and the differences in opinions. The most common and durable source of faction to Madison is the unequal distribution of property. To cure the mischiefs of faction, we would have to destroy liberty, and that is why it is worse then a disease. Federalist 10 1 Factions according to Madison are a "number of citizens" who are united to the same belief, meaning they dont care for the rights of other citizens.

He writes of them right after his introductory paragraph. The diffence here between this two governments is the delegation of the goverment and the greater number of citizens. Federalist 51 10 The three branches of government are executive, judicial and legislative. This exemption is not dangerous because they can only interpret certain court cases. In Madison's introduction, he speaks of factions being a group of people that share some type of common interest. Madison says that factions are caused by disagreement of ideas.

The primary goal for government is to protect public goods and private rights from factions. The rights of property came from the "diversity of faculties in men". The most common and durable source of factions is the unequal property distribution. The cure for faction mischief is to destroy liberty. That goes against what a fair government stands for. Madison's solution is to form a republican government.

A republic has representatives in place to govern the people. A democracy has common people directly involved in government. The difference is the delegation and the citizen population. The representatives in place will have different views from each other. Madison says factions are a group of people that share a common interest. Factions are caused by a disagreement in ideas. The primary objective of government is to "secure public goods and private rights".

They originate from the diversities and faculties of men. The most common source of factions has been the distribution of properties. We can cure the "mischiefs of faction" by getting everyone to agree on the same ideas, but these remedies are worse than the disease because they gets rid of liberty and freedom. Madison believed that if he established a republic government, he would be able to control factions.

Republic Government is run by representatives that rule on what the people think. A faction is a group of people who all have the same common interest and don't care about anyone else's opinion's but their own.

Madison talks about factions after the intro. The causes of faction are the different opinions whenever there's a disagreements.

The primary object of govt. The rights of property come from the " diversities in the faculties of men". According to Madison, it is the unequal distribution of property. Madison's solution is to establish a republic as the government. A republic is where people choose a representative to represent them indirectly.

A pure democracy is where people assemble and make their own decisions. The difference is one form of govt. When the representatives have a different opinion then the ones they represent.

We would have to give every person the same options. The 3 branches of govt. Madison thought the weakest branch would be the judicial branch. Madison suggested the method seperatiob of powers to check the powers of government.

The seperation of powers between the 3 branches is assured by checks and balances. The legislative branch appears to have an exception but its not dangerous because all branches are equal in power. Federalism is power shared or divided between the central govt. The supreme goal of govt. According to Madison was Justice. The 3 branches of government are executive, legislative, and judicial.

Madison suggested that the executive branch should be the weakest. The powers would be checked by separation of powers. Separation of powers will be assured in a republican government. The legislative branch is the exception.

It isn't an issue since the branch itself branches off. Federalism is when there is more than one government sharing power to govern one nation. Federalism's advantages include the moderation of governments' power, and the branching off of the different parts of society. The supreme goal for government, according to Madison, is justice. The three branches of the government are Executive, Legislative and Judicial. Madison thought that the weakest branch was the Executive. Madison suggest the check of powers by dividing the powers, like putting them into different branches and divide the power of the states and federal government.

The branch that is not dangers is the Judicial Branch because they cannot make laws on takes some cases. Federalism is power divided into two different governments.

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Sep 10,  · Federalist 10 and 51 Read Federalist 10 and Federalist 51 Answer the following questions: Questions on Madison's Federalist Number 1. What are factions, according to Madison and where does he write of them? Federalist Papers #51 10) The three branches of Government are the legislative, judicial, and executive branch. The Question and Answer section for The Federalist Papers is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Federalist 10 From the text.

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Federalist 51 Questions 1. What is the purpose of separating the powers of government? 2. What is essential for the “preservation of liberty” and how should this “be so. Federalist No. STUDY. PLAY. Purpose: One of the most famous of the Federalist Papers, No. 51 addresses means by which appropriate checks and balances can be created in government and also advocates a separation of powers within the national government. What question does Madison ask in his first? How does he answer it?