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In Text Citation

How to Cite

❶When this occurs, simply avoid any uncertainties by using first initials along with the last names of both cited authors. The last names do not need to be listed in alphabetical order.

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2. Basic Guidelines
1. Introduction

To discover more about previous editions, learn more here. Many digital images, films and videos, encyclopedia articles, dictionary entries, web pages, and more do not have author names listed. If the title is rather long, it is acceptable to shorten it in the body of your assignment. If you choose to shorten the title, make sure the first word in the full citation is also the first word used in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses.

This is done to allow the reader to easily locate the full citation that corresponds with the reference in the text. If, in the Works Cited list, the full reference has the title within quotation marks, include those quotation marks in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses. If the title is written in italics in the full reference, include the title with italics in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses as well.

Those that were allowed to stay manned the pits, mining the coal that would fuel the ships. Notice the shortened title in the above reference. This allows the reader to spend more time focusing on the content of your project, rather than the sources. EasyBib Plus can help you determine how to do in-text citations MLA and many other types of references!

Numerous government publications, research reports, and brochures state the name of the organization as the author responsible for publishing it.

When the author is a corporate entity or organization, this information is included in the in-text citation or parenthetical citation MLA. If the full name of the organization or governmental agency is long in length, it is acceptable to abbreviate some words, as long as they are considered common abbreviations. These abbreviations should only be in the references with parentheses.

They should not be used in an in-text citation MLA. Here is a list of words that can be abbreviated in parentheses: Example of a shortened corporate author name in parenthetical citation MLA: Here is how the same corporate author name would look in an MLA in-text citation example: Remember, in-text citations MLA should not have abbreviations, other types of references can.

Looking for more information on abbreviations? Check out our page on MLA format. Edited books and anthologies often include chapters or sections, each written by an individual author or a small group of authors. These compilations are placed together by an editor or a group of editors. Do not use the name s of the editor s. Remember, the purpose of these references is to provide the reader with some insight as to where the information originated.

If, after reading your project, the reader would like more information on the sources used, the reader can use the information provided in the full reference, at the very end of the assignment.

With that in mind, since the full reference begins with the author of the individual chapter or section, that same information is what should be included in any in-text citations MLA or references in parentheses. Here is an example on an edited MLA in-text citation book: An Anthology , edited by Pramod K. Nayar, Wiley-Blackwell, , p. Looking for information on referencing an edited book in 7th edition? Looking for another helpful MLA in-text citation website? Click for additional information.

When a source has no page numbers, which is often the case with long web page articles, e-books, and numerous other source types, do not include any page number information in the body of the project. Do not estimate or invent your own page numbering system for the source. There may, however, be paragraph numbers included in some sources. If there are distinct and clear paragraph numbers directly on the source, replace the page number with this information.

Here is an example of how to create a reference for an MLA parenthetical citation website: Need an in-text or parenthetical citation MLA website?

It is acceptable to include the last name of the author in the first use, and in the second usage, only a page number needs to be included. Here is an example of how to cite the same source multiple times: The reader can assume that the information in the second quote is from the same article as the first quote. Tong, Min, and Carrie Moran. There are instances when religious works are italicized in the text of a project, and times when it is not necessary to italicize the title.

When including a reference, do not use page numbers from the scripture. Instead, use the designated chapter numbers and verse numbers. Parenthetical citation MLA example for a religious scripture: For another MLA in-text citation website and for more on the Bible and other source types, click here. Block quotes are called block quotes because they form their own block of text. They are set apart from the body of a project, with different spacing and margins. Begin the block quote on a new line.

Place a shortened version of the title of the work in parenthesis along with the page number if you did not mention it earlier. Then, add the period on the outside of the parenthesis to end the sentence. Use the first title that the source has listed in your bibliography when you mention it leading up to the quote or data. If you haven't already, place the first thing that this source lists in your bibliography in parenthesis.

For websites do not put full URLs. You can use the format "eHow. There is no need for page numbers or paragraph numbers. Mention the names of the authors leading up to the quote or data. If there are more than three you are allowed to use the first name listed in your bibliography plus "et al. Place each of the last names of the authors in parenthesis along with the page number if you did not mention them.

If there are more than three, you are allowed to put the first name listed in your bibliography plus "et al. Antonin Korenek has been writing professionally since Korenek graduated from Wayne State University with a bachelor's degree in English. Use our citation tool to automatically generate your bibliography for any website.

How to Put Citations in a Research Paper. Accessed 14 September

How to Format an in Text Citation

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Writing a paper, especially a research paper, requires you to cite your source for any information or thoughts that are not your own. If you do not, you risk being accused of plagiarism. It is easy to cite your source in-text and there are many ways to do it.

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Cite any information that is not your original content at the end of the sentences in which the information appears, regardless of whether the information is quoted or paraphrased. Place the citation in parenthesis before the sentence's terminal punctuation point.

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Place the in-text citation within the text of your paper after the information that the citation refers to. In most cases the citation will go at the end of the sentence, but in some cases where you are discussing a concept in more than one sentence, you will put the citation after a set of sentences that are all discussing the same idea or concept. If you use a text that has six or more authors, cite the last name of the first author followed by et al. and the year of publication. The complete list of authors should be included in the works cited list at the end of the paper.

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A few introductory "rules" for using MLA author/page citations. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. Year, e.g., (Anon. ) (Anon. is the abbreviation for anonymous). See Full Citation. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: (Driblick , in .