Work on not just explaining the content of each example, but on showing how the example is relevant to the issue and why the example is evidence to back up your position. For practice Argument essay outlines, come up with at least three points of analysis and a few bullet points to explain the importance of each.
These points of analysis could be the assumptions made in the argument, what evidence is needed to evaluate the argument, alternative explanations, and so on. You should only go with this option if you plan on taking advantage of the full computer-based practice test as well as getting your essays scored; otherwise, ScoreItNow!
As I mentioned in the first tip, the GRE Writing word processor has no spell check, no grammar check, and no auto-correct. Take a look at the two examples below:. Example with too many errors: Genetics is not density. The argument that naure is paramount over nurture failes, to ake into acount, the eyr reel affects that environment can ahve on behavior. Example with minor errors: Genetics is not destiny.
The argument that naure is paramount over nurture fails to take into account the very reel effects that environment can have on behavior. This illustrated in the two contrasting examples below:. Field visited only Tertia, while Dr. Similarly, without knowing more about the sample sizes of Dr.
Another important question that would need to be answered in order to make this recommendation would be whether or not the group of islands including Tertia that Dr.
Karp visited had similar cultures. Want to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We have the industry's leading GRE prep program. Built by world-class instructors with 99th percentile GRE scores , the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through machine learning data science, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible.
Your GRE Writing score is a very, very small part of most grad school apps. Once you manage to get a 4. As part of your preparation for the GRE, you need to learn how to conserve your concentration and stamina, and the best way to do this is by taking realistic practice tests.
This ties in with the advice in Tips 1, 2, and 5, which all aim to get you the most realistic testing experience possible. Only by doing a practice GRE in realistic conditions can you know what will be a problem for you on test day and address the issue. The general structure of the task means that there are a couple of things you can do to write a good essay on every Issues prompt, no matter the topic.
Our GRE Writing tips below will help you craft a clear and compelling response. Then, figure out what you want to write in the body paragraphs.
More importantly, you will have to consider how to introduce the opposing side of the argument and how counter it with your point of view. Mentioning the other side of the coin makes the graders think that you are mature enough to have considered the various perspectives on the issue, without going ahead blindly based on intuition. If you have finished all the previous steps properly and as planned, then this is by far the easiest step of all.
All you need to do is write your response in a proper order, something that looks like this:. This is the most basic essay outline, and the most famous out there. But you can also follow an unconventional structure and still write a great essay. Some of the other structures that you can follow are:. This structure allows you to take a neutral step, and hence interweave the arguments for both sides, just like in a debate. This structure is probably the hardest of all, but has the advantage of being new and uncommon.
Graders will definitely appreciate a new structure once in a while, and tend to reward essays that move beyond the norm. But, the point is, the writing part of the essay should really be the easiest part. They think they cannot afford to waste one or two minutes proofreading the essay, while they can use the same time to write an additional sentence or two. But as a matter of fact, a perfect word essay gets a higher score than an imperfect word essay. So, you should rather focus on improving what you have already written, and try to spend at least three to four minutes on proofreading what you have written.
So, be sure to check every single word, and try to refine your essay as much as you can, before the time runs out. Make sure you have all the necessary parts of your essay and the examples you meant to use. Doing these things will clean up the overall appearance of your essay and can only positively affect your score. Your job here is simply to evaluate and critique the argument presented, not offer your own position on the subject.
If you do not answer the question appropriately, you can say goodbye to a good score. The steps for the Analysis of an Argument essay are somewhat similar to the steps for Analysis of an Issue:.
The Analysis of an Argument task presents you with a passage exactly like the passages found on Critical Reasoning questions. Your first task is to break the argument down into its conclusion and premises. Once you have the conclusion and the premises, the next step is to find the assumptions underlying the argument.
These arguments are usually full of holes, even more so than Critical Reasoning arguments. You should be able to find two or three major assumptions necessary to make the conclusion work.
Look for the common argument patterns: Of course, there may be a lot of assumptions spread around the entire argument, but you only need two or three good assumptions to construct your essay. Now that you have the major assumptions, you can plan the general format of your essay. Picking a thesis on the argument section is rather easy and involves just one step.
Just assume that whatever assumptions that the author has made have no evidences, and go completely negative on that, and prepare a thesis in your mind in that direction. Once you have laid out the assumptions of the argument, you need to evaluate the strength of these assumptions. Since your task is to evaluate and critique the logic of the argument, you must consider how viable these assumptions are.
Generally, the arguments on the GRE are poorly reasoned, so you should basically be looking for reasons the assumptions fail to lead to the conclusion. Think about ways you could weaken and strengthen the argument. A typical essay plan looks like this:. This is the most basic format for the argument essay, but feel free to make changes as and when you need.
You may also use one of the following structures that are less commonly used. The writing process on the argument essay is in some ways a little easier than that of the issue essay. Because the focus of this essay is the logic of the argument, there is no need for creative prose.
Instead, you are merely presenting the flaws of the given argument in an objective fashion. Your delivery on the argument essay can be straightforward and simple and you can still get a great score, provided your analysis is sound.
Following is what each paragraph needs to contain. Your introduction paragraph needs to lay out the basic parts of the argument and let the reader know what the purpose of the essay is. Your introduction should have these elements:. The body paragraphs of an argument essay should describe the assumptions necessary to the argument and then critique them. A good critique should reveal the weaknesses of the assumptions and also show how the argument could be strengthened.
Argument essays do not require specific examples and in many cases, specific examples would be inappropriate. Focus instead on dissecting the logic of the given argument.
A body paragraph should have the following components:. All you have to do is make a final evaluation of the soundness of the argument. Before you leave your essay, spend one or two minutes proofreading your essay. Make sure you have all the necessary parts of your essay and that your essay is free from grammatical and spelling errors.
Correct any typographical errors. Now that you know how exactly you should structure your AWA essays, it is time to understand what a perfect essay looks like. In this chapter, we will discuss a couple of examples for perfect 6.
This will give you a basic idea of the various key aspects of the AWA essays that you should include while writing. When individuals attain greatness, their achievements are more important than their personal faults.
While historians should not whitewash the personal foibles of great individuals, the impact that these mortals have had in their fields should tower over any personality defects. To focus on the personal weaknesses of great individuals is to miss the importance of their achievements. The course of human history is decorated with individuals able to rise above their peers and reach the zenith in their fields.
These individuals are often the subject of intense scrutiny from contemporaneous skeptics and later historians. But no one can lead an exemplary private life all the time; no human being is able to withstand such surveillance and historical scrutiny without personal faults coming to light. Great individuals are no exception. However, it is misguided to focus on their personal faults rather than their achievements. To do so is to miss the importance of their work, without which our culture would be worse off.
For example, Abraham Lincoln was arguably one of the greatest Presidents the United States has ever had. He managed to bring the country through a substantial revolution and to end slavery despite powerful economic and social forces working against him day and night. However, Lincoln was not a saint. He was moody and prone to depressive funks that disrupted his family life and slowly eroded his marriage.
These personal faults did not reduce his success as a President. While we do not have to ignore questions about whether he was a depressive, we also should not consider them an important part of his political heritage. Criticisms of this sort are entirely relevant, whereas personal criticisms are not. Another example of a great individual dogged by criticism of his personal conduct is Albert Einstein. Einstein developed a number of the most important theories in modern physics, including an explanation of the photoelectric effect, an explanation of Brownian motion, special and general relativity, and Bose-Einstein quantum statistics.
However, Einstein also had life-long problems with infidelity. The fact that he cheated on his wife is in no way relevant to his accomplishments in the field of physics, and indeed most references to Einstein properly ignore it.
To focus attention on the faults of his personal life is to obscure the impact he made on history. Great individuals have personal faults, as all human beings do. We are better able to appreciate the gravity of great accomplishments when we are not burying our heads in the sand, in search of personal failings. The essay above deserves a perfect score, because it takes all the 7 major elements that graders look for, as we have already discussed in chapter 3: The thesis provided by the student is very clear and concise.
There is no confusion about which side the student took. The issue essay tests how well we can present a position on an issue effectively and persuasively, and this essay passes both the tests. The piece is also very well organized. While the response included only two examples as opposed to the suggested three, the two examples presented are extremely strong. President Lincoln is an ideal case study of a leader whose greatness should be not be obscured by his domestic problems.
The same can be said with Einstein; his infidelities may have wounded his family emotionally, but his contribution to modern science and technology will be remembered throughout the history of mankind. So, obviously, two of the most historic and the most apt examples were presented by the student here. Additionally, the conclusion is substantial and does an excellent job of summing up the essay. The student uses a variety of sentences in order to make the conclusion unique, and not sounding too much like the introduction itself.
The grammar and syntax are almost flawless, and it is hard to write a better essay response to this issue, in under 30 minutes. This electronic game rating system is not working because it is self-regulated and the fines for violating the rating system are nominal. As a result an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that knowingly violate the rating system should be prohibited from releasing a game for two years. You may also discuss what additional evidence could be used to strengthen the argument or what changes would make the argument more logically sound.
The argument claims that the electronic games rating system, although similar to the movie rating system, is not working because it is self-regulated and violation fines are nominal; Hence, the gaming rating system should be overseen by an independent body.
Stated in this way the argument fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated. The conclusion relies on assumptions, for which there is no clear evidence. Therefore, the argument is rather weak, unconvincing, and has several flaws.
First, the argument readily assumes that because the electronic game rating system is self-regulated, it is not working well. This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way.
There are numerous examples in other areas of business or commerce, where the entities are self-regulated and rather successful.
For instance, FIA, the Formula1 racing organization is self-regulated. Yet, the sport is very popular and successful, drawing millions of spectators around the world each year.
Tickets are rather expensive, races are shown on pay-per-view, and nearly all drivers are paid very well. Another example is the paralleled movie rating system that the argument mentions. The author fails to clarify whether it is working well, but it is clear that the movie rating system is pretty well received by people, who often base their decisions to go see a movie with kids or not on the movie rating.
It has never been a case when someone would feel cheated by the movie rating and express disappointment afterwards. Since the movie rating system is also self-regulated, it follows that this regulatory method is working pretty well and it is not obvious how it can be the reason for the poor electronic game rating system.
The argument would have been much clearer if it explicitly gave examples of how the self-regulatory system led to bad ratings and customer dissatisfaction.
Second, the argument claims that any violation fees for bad electronic game ratings are nominal. It thus suggests that this is yet another reason for the rating system not working. This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between the monetary amount of the fines and the quality of the electronic game rating system.
In fact, the argument does not even draw a parallel with the mentioned movie rating system and its violation fines. If any such correlation had been shown for the movie rating system, which supposedly works well, then the author would have sounded a bit more convincing. In addition, if the argument provided evidence that low violation fines lead to electronic game manufacturers to ignore any regulations with respect to the game rating system, the argument could have been strengthened even further.
Finally, the argument concludes that an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that violate the rating system, should be punished. From this statement again, it is not at all clear how an independent regulatory body can do a better job than a self-regulated one.
Without supporting evidence and examples from other businesses where independent regulatory bodies have done a great job, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. As a result, this conclusion has no legs to stand on. In summary, the argument is flawed and therefore unconvincing.
It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts. In order to assess the merits of a certain situation, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors.
The examples provided are also real-life in nature, as opposed to many hypothetical examples that students write. This gives this essay response quite an edge. In order to confuse test takers, the AWA essays will always contain some flawed reasoning or illogical statements. In particular, some of the paragraphs on the AWA Argument essay will contain flawed reasoning, which can appear in many forms.
While these forms can potentially be unlimited in number, most of them can be categorized into 6 groups. These are potentially the 6 types of false reasoning that you frequently see on the AWA Argument essays:. Almost all of the argument essays contain more than one of the following flaws, so it is important that you are aware of each and every possible flawed reasoning.
We see this happen quite often in our everyday life. People resort to creating stereotypes of a particular person, or a group of people. However, common sense says that it is pretty unrealistic to describe a group and then expect that every single member fulfills the very same characteristics.
While both the statements can seem to be true for the most part, we all know that in the real world, some girls are stronger than guys, and that some Asians fail their tests. Which means, one cannot simply make a sweeping statement in either of the aforementioned cases. Now, you can easily remember this type of false reasoning on the AWA, by relating it to stereotypes.
We generally think of stereotypes as harmful because they unfairly limit a certain group to a predefined characteristic that often has little to no evidence.
Hence, in order to avoid falling trap to this stereotypical assumption fallacy, you should immediately consider any sentence that generalizes a particular group as plain wrong, and attack that assumption when you are writing your response.
This is a very frequent type of false reasoning that hides in plain sight. Most students simply cannot identify that this type of reasoning is wrong. The author of an argument usually assumes that a certain condition is necessary to achieve the desired result. This sounds reasonable, but the problem here is, the author simply says that it is necessary to do something to achieve something, and does not provide the necessary evidence which proves that there is no other means of achieving a similar result.
For example, the arguments says that, if students have to perform better in schools, it is necessary that the teachers be more active in the classroom. Now, this looks like a perfectly logical statement to anyone. But the problem is, the author has not considered whether there are any other ways students can perform better in schools.
The author makes a simple statement that outlines only one necessity — the teachers being active — and does not talk about the relevant evidences, or the possibility of other ways to achieve the same result. Of course, there are other factors involved: So, you should keep in mind to attack this necessity assumption, and also to include the alternative factors or possibilities.
Analogy is when someone comes to a conclusion about something on the basis of another thing. Now, on the first glance, this might seem like a logical argument. The demographics in their respective countries may respond to different incentives.
And there are several other factors like industry, market size, product quality, support system, target audience, consumer trends, economic situation in the country, etc.
As confusing and bemusing as the title is, this is one of the more frequent fallacies that appear on the AWA argument essays.
So it is very important that you master it. Many arguments try to confuse test takers by arguing that correlation and causation are one and the same.
There is actually a world of difference between them both. While correlation just means that two events have occurred simultaneously, causation means that one event is the result of another event.
Now you understand how different these two are. To illustrate further, let us take this as an example: In the year , Company X released their new computer called Series 5, and that same year, the US witnessed a huge economic recession. Again in , the company released its second computer called Series 6, and the US had undergone another economic recession. So, whenever this company releases a new computer, the economy goes down. Do you see how illogical it sounds?
That is the difference between correlation and causation. The above example shows correlation, and not causation. You will often find that the AWA arguments cite statistical evidence to support their claims.
For example, if a survey of people in New York City say that they really need a new park in the city, does it mean that the entire population of the city feel the same? In order to draw a conclusion about anything, a larger sample is required. In order to really identify the voice of the people, the survey should at least include a majority of people in the city.
If the population of New York City is 10 million, then the survey should try to include the opinions of at least half that number.
Hence, test takers should keep an eye on statistics mentioned in the arguments made by the author, and try to validate the relevance or significance of the given statistical data. Sometimes, even though surveys include a large number of people or a certainly large sample space, it is not enough to conclude that the results obtained from the survey are really true.
Biased data is another reason why data can be manipulated with, or tainted easily. For any survey or data to be considered legitimate it has to be collected in an unbiased, fair, and scientific manner. The survey clearly does not ask an open ended question, and is biased towards either Red, or Blue, or both. The survey is designed, consciously or unconsciously, to yield certain desired responses, and this definitely manipulates responses by providing narrow options. Hence, test takers should question the statistical legitimacy of a survey, and question the author whether the survey or data obtained is scientific and unbiased or not.
Here is a checklist you should use when you practice writing argument essays. Ask yourself these questions to identify the flaws in the given argument.
Is there anything missing in the argument? Maybe there is really something that should have been mentioned to make the argument more concrete. When it comes to acing any section on the GRE, it all boils down to mastering one key factor — time. But then, just as pretty much with everything related to the GRE, we at CrunchPrep have cracked the code in order to finish off a brilliantly written essay in under 20 minutes.
Just as with other sections on the GRE, there are a few time saving strategies that you can adopt on test day, if you want to finish off the AWA section quickly, and still score a perfect 6. Here are the 9 most effective time saving strategies that you should implement on test day. This is an amazing technique that not only saves time for you, but also relieves you of the pressure of writing something in reply.
All you have to do is, as soon as you are ready to pen down your response, finish off writing the introduction and the conclusion paragraphs first. Now you may wonder, how on earth one can write the conclusion part without ever concluding the essay in the first place.
As we have already discussed in the previous chapters, you first outline your essay before you start writing it. So, by the time you are about to start penning down your response, you will have already figured out what you want to write in the introduction, how you want to start off, and how you want to end the conclusion.
So, it becomes rather easy for you to get started. Finish these two very important paragraphs as early as you can, preferably in the first 5 minutes. Now, if you can do this well, you only have three more paragraphs to write, and you have over 20 minutes of time left.
You can easily write each paragraph in 5 minutes, and the entire essay will be finished before you know it. Even though we asked you to pick a thesis in the previous chapters, you should know that if you want to save time, you will have to try and stay on the negative side. This applies to both the Issue and the Argument essays. If you are wondering why, you should understand how the human brain works when analyzing a controversy.
It takes no time for us to point out mistakes in others, while it takes a lot of thinking and courage to appreciate something that is controversial, because our brains are evolutionarily hardwired to stay away from something foreign, in order to protect us. So, let us go with some prejudice here. Before you even start reading the essay question, you should be in a negative state of mind, and be ready to counter the given essay with lots of criticism.
You should believe that whatever the author has written is false, no matter how logical it may seem. This sort of thinking will help you brainstorm the relevant points quickly. In both the Issue and the Argument essay questions, the author will have made multiple assumptions in order to come to a particular conclusion. It is your job now to attack the very assumption that the author makes.
There is no point in attacking mere facts, because we never know if the facts are true or false. Which means, you cannot simply claim that the facts presented are wrong. But you can always say that the assumption is wrong. So, as soon as you start reading the essay question, figure out where the author has made assumptions, and think about how you can attack them. This is a big problem among students today, especially those who really want to get a perfect 6.
They try to make sure every little thing about their essay response is perfect. Now, while this is a good practice in normal life, you should remember that this will hit you badly on test day. You cannot simply make sure everything you write is perfect, especially when the clock is running after you, and when you are totally stressed out. A better strategy is to keep writing even though you make mistakes, as once you think you are done with the writing part, then you can start proofreading your copy for mistakes and small errors.
The scratch paper can be used effectively to score higher on the AWA section too. Use the scratch paper to pen down your thoughts as you are reading the given topic, and also make use of it to outline your essay, and to devise a proper answering strategy.
If you need more details, on how to use the scratch paper on the GRE , we have done a separate post on that. Check out more scratch paper tips and strategies here. If there is one thing that can help you write a word essay in under 20 minutes, it is the ability to type fast. Considering the fact that you will take about minutes to read and understand the given question, another minutes to figure out what you want to write, and another couple of minutes to outline your essay, you will be left with roughly 20 minutes to write a word essay.
Considering the fact that you should save some time to proofread your essay, you should probably be able to type around words in 15 minutes, which means, words every 5 minutes. Yes, it is possible to type a couple hundred words in 5 minutes, if you already know what you are going to write.
There are some fantastic free resources like Keybr and TypingWeb available online, that help you learn fast typing. Learning keyboard shortcuts can be really helpful on test day.
As straightforward as it gets. Just as with the other sections on the GRE, the more you practice writing long essays at home, the higher you score on test day.
But there is a catch here: This is rather important, because most of us today use laptops and tablet phones to communicate, and the keyboards we normally use differ greatly from those of the desktop computers. You will have to type on a desktop computer keyboard on test day, and it is recommended that you get used to the new keyboard at home itself.
There are separate question pools for Issue Essays and Argument Essays , and they are not too many in number. You could probably finish them all in a month or two. Remember that the AWA questions you will see on test day will be from these essay pools only. The difference between a normal essay and a great essay, is the way it is written. Normal essays are lifeless, and they bore readers a few lines into the story.
In addition to writing compelling reasons and connecting stories, you should also include powerful vocabulary, if you want to get a perfect score. Since a lot of students who take the GRE are non-native speakers, they will not be able to naturally write essays that sound truly professional. So, here are some of the words and phrases you should be using when you write your AWA essays. You might have seen these words countless times in books, newspapers, or magazines.
But it is time for you to include them in your writings, and make your essays sound professional. Supporting words — for instance, for example, to illustrate, to demonstrate, such as, particularly, specifically, notably. Additional support — moreover, furthermore, in addition, similarly, in the same way, with respect to, as well as.
Putting same idea in a different way — in other words, to put it simply, in view of this, with this in mind, to put it differently, that is to say. What my clients say about me and my work.
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If you get a perfect score on the GRE’s Issue Essay (a 6), it can really boost your graduate school admissions chances! The best schools want good Verbal and Quantitative scores, but also students who are clear, competent writers.
To help you prepare for the Analytical Writing measure, the GRE Program has published the entire pool of tasks from which your test tasks will be selected. You might find it .
GRE Essay Writing Help Our GRE Essay help has got your 6/6! For most of the people who attempt GRE (Graduate Record Examination), the GRE essay is a big problematic area. The analytical writing section of GRE succeeds in flustering even the brainiest of scholars who have already calculated how they will ace the mathematical and reading section. But fear not: to help make the Analytical Writing section more approachable, I’ll teach you 15 great GRE essay tips to aid both the newbie and the experienced test taker. feature image credit: Essays!! /used under CC BY-SA /Resized from original.
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