Can your result do the same examples the previous results did, or can you make them do yours? Can you prove they couldn't do your examples? If you claim to be more efficient, what are you measuring? This is usually defended by a logical argument. It is usually very tough to do, even if the argument doesn't have to be formalized. Many students make the mistake of picking this kind of thesis to defend. It requires serious experimental evidence to defend, unless your real thesis is of the previous form, i.
Selected excerpts from protocols and surveys of your officemates are not psychological evidence, no matter how much they might have inspired your work. This is a reasonable thesis if process X is a serious contender. The defense would be an analysis of the limits of process X, i.
Defending a real thesis is hard. If you think you have a lot of theses, you probably just have a bunch of undefended claims. One good thesis, or two so-so theses, with adequate description and defense, is more than enough to fill up a dissertation.
If you're bright, educated, and have worked hard on a topic for more than a year, you must have learned something no one else knew before. The first mistake that students make is to think that a thesis has to be grander than the theory of relativity.
A thesis should be new and interesting, but it doesn't have to change the foundations of all we believe and hold dear. Don't try to come up with a thesis first, and then investigate it. Start by exploring some task domain. Simplify it the best that you can and put it in the larger context of your research field. Use cartoons or model slides if necessary to give your audience the general, overall picture.
Have others that are familiar with your work drill you with questions. It also builds your confidence. And the questions that your labmates or friends ask you may just be the same question you will get asked on your defense day. You may be sick of reading your entire thesis over and over by now, but you need to keep everything fresh in your mind. I actually read over my entire thesis multiple times during my final two weeks and came up with my own list of questions that I thought my committee would ask me.
In addition, I also came up with a list of questions that I had of my own questions that I was unsure of or that I thought were a weakness of mine. If you cannot come up with a list of good questions, then you are not trying hard enough.
And it was a confidence booster in disguise. Completing your thesis is a huge milestone. Those last two weeks until defense day can be stressful. Keep your guard up until your actual defense day. This is key to giving a good talk. You need to go in with the mindset that you will kill your presentation and give a long lasting impression to your audience. I have actually heard that some people who gave great thesis defense talks were offered a position shortly after i.
You are going to want to do all those little tasks that you have been putting off for so long because you have spent X amount of months writing your thesis in solitude and you had no time to do them.
Your list could be very long. I can tell you that one of the things on my list was to keep publishing blog articles and keep my blog running. I simply did not have enough time. Prioritize and focus on your defense talk and nothing else.
If you are looking for jobs during this time period, I will be writing about this in Part 3 of this series. This might be the most difficult thing for anyone. I struggled with this the most while writing my thesis.
Skipping meals, late nights, overloading your system with caffeine just to stay awake. You have to fight it the best that you can. A month before my defense talk, I hit the gym 3x a week for the first time in months. Everyone handles the anxiety of their defense talk differently. I am someone who thinks about it constantly.
So it becomes hard to focus on other things, like taking care of yourself. Once your thesis is turned in to your committee members, during those final two weeks- sleep and a proper diet are KEY. By taking care of yourself, you ensure that you have the highest probability for giving a great thesis defense talk and showing your committee members that you are confident about your project.
You know your topic better than anyone. Because of this, you have no reason to be stressed out. When your committee pushes you and asks you questions, they again will push you to your limits.
Remember that they are simply trying to test your knowledge and humble you. Therefore, when you are answering questions, keep your cool and relax.
Answer the questions the best that you can and you should have no problem passing. And in all honesty, the prelim or qualifying exam was much harder than the actual defense…. Although I did have an after-party, I did not go to great efforts to plan it like a wedding party. As I said in 5, prioritize and focus on your thesis defense talk and nothing else.
Once you have passed, then you can change your focus. The feeling is indescribable see A good thesis talk also has a good introduction before going on to the next idea or slide. It should flow in a logical manner and be smooth. Be formal in how you word things i. To give a good introduction, it might be wise to use slides that ask a question in between.
Why are you doing this experiment? Many scientists forget that although they are an expert on their topic, what seems easy and understandable to them-does not apply to others outside of their field. Before you go to your next data slides introduce the idea based on this data I wanted to ask this question.
Then tell them WHY you performed this particular experiment which is basically in the form of a question. Once your audience understands why, go on to the next slide and give them your interpretation. This one is pretty self explanatory. I will say that when it is all said and done, it feels like a huge burden has been lifted off your shoulders.
It is emotional and you finally feel that all that hard work and time that you put in over the years-was all worth it in the end. Good luck to all those who are preparing for their defense talk in the future! Think about what it will be like to get up in front of a large audience and show everyone how you moved a field forward. This is YOUR moment to show everyone you are an expert in your field. The more you keep this mentality, the better your talk will be.
Keep your cool and relax 7 and everything will be fine. One of my committee members actually read my entire thesis, so you never know. I only suggest rereading your entire thesis to keep the info fresh in your mind, which is more likely to help you think on your feet. Often overlooked during the last 0. Although some PhD stress is inevitable and depends on how you handle it , keeping your physical health in check helps to keep stress levels low and equips you to handle the mental stress.
I did write about this earlier in a previous article http: I just defended and kept coming back to these tips while finishing my talk. They are incredibly useful, especially to ignore distractions and keep your cool on defense day.
Thank you a ton for the post! I agree that you should read over the entire thesis. None of my three committee members really even made it to Chapter 3, but at least I was prepared for broad-level questions. Here is a post with some tips from my department.
I found them useful! A very good structured guidelines. It speacks of the experience of the person who has guided a number of scholars. Thanks a lot for useful tips. While the requirements for this process will typically vary from institution to institution, defending the thesis generally incorporates presenting your main argument to an academic faculty and supporting your primary points with clear, convincing logic that lends credence to the fundamental concepts being advanced within the body of the work.
For example, if an individual completes a thesis arguing that meat consumption is unethical, she or he might present arguments pertaining to the cruel abuse animals are subjected to in farms or factories to legitimate the claim. In order to make the process of defending your thesis as successful as possible, the following components of the endeavor are often emphasized:. In order to successfully defend a thesis, you need to be able to present your arguments effectively.
To accomplish this objective, you should practice and attain feedback regarding your presentation strengths and weaknesses. In many cases, a learning institution will offer free workshops designed to help students enhance their presentation skills. By delivering your thesis to colleagues or trusted friends, you can obtain feedback that helps you improve upon your presentation abilities. To accomplish this objective, the dry run audience needs to be proficient in:.
A defense presents evidence for a thesis. What kind of evidence is apprpropriate depends on what kind of thesis is being defended. Thesis: process X is a feasible way to do task Y. One defense for this kind of claim is an analysis of the complexity, or completeness, or whatever, of the theoretical algorithm.
Below you will find a brief summation of what a thesis is as well as what it means to successfully defend a thesis. The Thesis-A Brief Overview. Although broadly defined, a thesis is basically a brief summary of a theory or idea that is submitted in the form of a textual document, such as an academic paper.
During your thesis defense, you will be expected to present and defend your thesis in front of your advisor, faculty thesis committee, and other audience members - and to do so in a cohesive manner. All doctoral programs and some master's programs require students to defend their theses before they can graduate. If you are a master's student, you should check with your graduate program to find out whether you are required to defend your thesis.
Depending on the level of degree, a thesis paper can be extremely complex. Defending the Work. Once students submit their theses papers to the thesis committee, they will be assigned a date to defend their work. In this case, “defend” does not imply that a student . A thesis about defending a custom dissertation or Phd Thesis written by a well-known author who has completed a number of papers on the subject. Find out how to defend your dissertation or thesis!